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**Comparing one with oneself on GMAT Critical Reasoning**

In GMAT critical reasoning, there are several different types of questions that you will encounter. In this short article, we will cover questions wherein the trap involves comparison between an entity and itself.

One type of fallacy found in GMAT CR questions is comparing one with oneself. This fallacyoccurs when a conclusion is drawn on the basis of one entity’s comparison with itself.

Please take a look at this example:

Example 1:

We have taken this example before. Here, Jack has improved his score on the basis of his own earlier score; if Jack’s original score was only 1/100; in this case, after a 200% increase Jack’s score would be 3/100, which may not be enough to say that he performed well.

Please take a look at the following GMAT- like example:

Example 2:

Here, we have an argument followed by a question stem.

Step 1 – Read the question stem.

Step 2 – Read the argument.

Step 3 – Come up with a broad expectation from the correct answer choice.

Please try this yourself before reading on.

The flaw is that this “100% growth” has happened in the media vertical, and this award applies across “all” of the business verticals. The reasoning says nothing about the other verticals; this 100% growth is on the vertical’s own performance.

Please look at this answer choice.

Option 1:

Thus, awarding an “across business verticals” award to the business vertical would be hasty. This is the correct answer choice.

This article has deliberately been kept brief; for a more elaborate explanation, please refer to the Experts’ Global Stage One Critical Reasoning videos.

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