# Circular Reasoning on GMAT Critical Reasoning

## Circular Reasoning on CR

In GMAT critical reasoning, there are several different types of questions that you will encounter. In this short article, we will cover the characteristics of questions involving circular reasoning and how to solve them.

### Circular Reasoning

One type of fallacy found in GMAT CR questions is circular reasoning. Circular reasoning occurs when a conclusion is assumed to be true in reaching the conclusion.

Please take a look at the following example:

Example 1: Jack cannot lie because Jack always tells the truth.

This is circular reasoning.

Let us take a look at another example:

Example 2: There isn’t enough seating space on campus because there are too many students.

Let’s take a look at the most simple example:

Example 3: A is true because B is true; B is true because A is true.

Let’s now take a GMAT-like example.

Example 4: Hamdi: President Zoolander cannot win a fair election in Fitaro.
Alper: As per reliable international observers, Fitaro had a fair election and Zoolander is winning.
Hamdi: If this is true, the international observers are unfair.

Of the following, which best identifies the biggest logical flaw in Hamdi’s response?

Here, we have a dialogue followed by a question stem.

Step 1 – Read the question stem.
Step 2 – Read the argument.
Step 3 – Come up with a broad expectation from the correct answer choice.